Biology provides a broad background in the life sciences in order to equip you with knowledge and skills to serve God’s creation. Required courses will introduce you to the created order of life, while advanced courses will permit you to concentrate in areas of particular interest. The biology major options will prepare you for a career in ecological science, in medicine and related health professions, in teaching, or to begin graduate or other professional studies in these areas.

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Major requirements

AuSable or biology electives 4
BIO 115 - General Biology: Molecular and Cellular Biology
General Biology I emphasizes the unity of life, examining the processes common to living organisms, and introduce the diversity of life, examining unicellular organisms. This introduction will provide students with a basic understanding of macromolecules, cell structure and function, respiration and photosynthesis, the cell cycle, meiosis, the relationship between gene structure and function, mechanisms of evolutionary change and Christian perspectives on evolutionary biology. (4 credits)
BIO 116 - General Biology: Ecology and Organismal Biology
General Biology II is an introduction to organismal biology emphasizing the diversity of life forms. Representative organisms from the plant and animal kingdoms will be emphasized. Students will also be introduced to basic ecological concepts and Christian perspectives on stewardship. (4 credits)
BIO 203 - Microbiology
A study of the morphology and physiology of microorganisms with special emphasis on bacteria and viruses. Those organisms that have an economic or medical importance will be highlighted, and basic laboratory techniques will be stressed.Prerequisites: BIO115, 116 and CHE101, 102 or CHE111, 112.(4 credits)
Choose one course: 4
BIO 202WI - Genetics
(Writing intensive) An introduction to the principles of heredity and their practicalapplication. Note: Includes 1 1/2 hours of lab per week. Prerequisites: BIO115 or 116. (4 credits)
BIO 327 - Biochemistry: Molecular Genetics
No course description available.
Choose one course: 4
AUS 361 - Field Natural History
BIO 205 - Ecology
A study of the processes determining the distribution and abundance of organisms in space and time, their exchange of matter and energy with their environment, the measurement of these phenomena, and the application of ecological knowledge in the care of creation. Prerequisites: BIO115 and 116 (4 credits)
BIO 329 - Stewardship Ecology
This course examines the application of the scientific principles ofconservation and restoration ecology through the lens of a Biblicallyinformed view of our role as stewards of God’s Creation. This courseincludes an in-depth study of our call to stewardship, field projects and anextended field trip. This course creates the foundation for development of aworldview that incorporates a personal responsibility for Christianenvironmental stewardship. Note: Each course offering is subject to enrollment. Additional travel costswill be assessed in addition to tuition. Prerequisites: BIO101SN, 116, 205 or permission of instructor.(4 credits; alternate summers, consult department)
Choose one course: 4
AUS 311 - Field Botany
AUS 315 - Woody Plants
BIO 309 - Plant Taxonomy
An introduction to principles of classification of plants and characteristics of major plant families with emphasis on the plants of the Midwest. Includes field study and laboratory practice in identifying, collecting and preserving plants.Prerequisites: BIO116 or permission of instructor.(4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
Choose one course: 4
AUS 312 - Insect Biology and Ecology
AUS 322 - Aquatic Biology
BIO 221 - Human Anatomy
A study of the gross structure of the systems of the human body.Prerequisite: BIO102, 115 or permission of instructor.(4 credits)
BIO 280 - Vertebrate Zoology
An in-depth study of the major groups of vertebrate species. Topics include vertebrate taxonomy, classification, comparative vertebrate anatomy, physiology, behavior, and life histories. Prerequisites: BIO115 and 116. (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
BIO 312 - Invertebrate Zoology
A survey of the structure, function, classification and behavior of animalswithout backbones. Special attention is given to those which are parasiticin nature. Note: Includes 3 hours of lab per week. Prerequisites: BIO115 and 116.(4 credits; alternate years, consult department)

Cognate requirements

Choose one sequence: 8
CHE 101 - College Chemistry
An introductory course in inorganic chemistry. The treatment of topics is predominantly descriptive and the content is especially suited to meet the needs of students whose programs require only one year of chemistry.(4 credits)
CHE 102 - College Chemistry
An introductory course in organic and biological chemistry. The content is especially suited to meet the needs of students whose programs require only one year of chemistry.Prerequisite: CHE101.(4 credits)
CHE 111 - General Chemistry
An introductory course in chemistry that emphasizes physical and inorganic concepts, problems and calculations. Topics include chemical reactions, stoichiometry, properties of gases, thermochemistry, theories of atomic structure, and chemical bonding. The general chemistry sequence (Chemistry 111 and Chemistry 112) is recommended for students with good math / science preparations who intend to proceed to advanced courses in chemistry, the biological sciences or engineering.Prerequisites: high school chemistry and ACT math and natural science scores above the 74th percentile.(4 credits)
CHE 112 - General Chemistry
A continuation of Chemistry 111. Topics covered include kinetics, thermodynamics, chemical equilibria, acid-base chemistry and nuclear chemistry.Prerequisite: CHE111 or consent of the instructor.(4 credits)

Total credits required: 40


All Biology majors are required to take at least 12 credits of 300-level (or above) biology courses, at least 8 of which must have a laboratory.

Students majoring in biology education must also complete the requirements of the secondary education program. See the education department listing for requirements.