|AuSable or biology electives: 4 credits
|BIO 115 - General Biology: Molecular and Cellular Biology
(4 credits) (IGE option under Science and the Natural World) An introduction to molecular and cellular biology, with an examination of the processes common to living organisms and an introduction to the diversity of life, emphasizing unicellular organisms. This introduction will provide students with a basic understanding of macromolecules, cell structure and function, respiration and photosynthesis, the cell cycle, meiosis, genetics, mechanisms of evolutionary change, and Christian perspectives on evolutionary biology.
|BIO 116 - General Biology: Ecology and Organismal Biology
(4 credits) (IGE option under Science and the Natural World) An introduction to organismal biology and ecology. Structure and function of representatives from the plant and animal kingdom are emphasized. In addition, students will be introduced to basic ecological concepts and Christian perspectives on stewardship.
|Choose one course:
|AUS 361 - Field Natural History|
|BIO 205 - Ecology|
(4 credits) A study of the processes determining the distribution and abundance of organisms in space and time, their exchange of matter and energy with their environment, the measurement of these phenomena, and the application of ecological knowledge in the care of creation. Prerequisites: BIO115 and 116
|Choose one course:
|BIO 202WI - Genetics|
|BIO 327 - Biochemistry: Molecular Genetics|
(4 credits) This course focuses on the structure and function of nucleic acids. Topics include replication, transcription and translation of genetic information, and control of gene expression. Prerequisites: BIO115, CHE321 and 322.
|Choose one course:
|AUS 311 - Field Botany|
|AUS 315 - Woody Plants|
|BIO 309 - Plant Taxonomy|
(4 credits; alternate years, consult department) An introduction to principles of classification of plants and characteristics of major plant families with emphasis on the plants of the Midwest. Includes field study and laboratory practice in identifying, collecting and preserving plants. Prerequisites: BIO116 or permission of instructor.
|Choose one course:
|BIO 280 - Vertebrate Zoology|
(4 credits; alternate years, consult department) An in-depth study of the major groups of vertebrate species. Topics include vertebrate taxonomy, classification, comparative vertebrate anatomy, physiology, behavior, and life histories. Prerequisites: BIO115 and 116.
|BIO 312 - Invertebrate Zoology|
A survey of the structure, function, classification and behavior of animals
without backbones. Special attention is given to those which are parasitic in
nature. Includes 3 hours of lab per week. Prerequisites: BIO115 and 116. (4
credits; alternate years, consult department)
|Choose eight credits:
|BIO 329 - Stewardship Ecology|
This course examines the application of the scientific principles of
conservation and restoration ecology through the lens of a Biblically informed
view of our role as stewards of God's Creation. This course includes an
in-depth study of our call to stewardship, field projects and an extended field
trip. This course creates the foundation for development of a worldview that
incorporates a personal responsibility for Christian environmental
stewardship. Each course offering is subject to enrollment. Additional travel
costs will be assessed in addition to tuition. Prerequisites: BIO101, 116, 205
or permission of instructor. (4 credits; alternate summers, consult department)
|BIO 330 - Topics in Ecology|
(1-4 credits; a minimum of 4 credits will be offered per year) Advanced studies of the function and structure of local ecological communities and/or life forms. Courses will emphasize the use of fieldwork, research projects and/or primary literature. Prerequisites: BIO205 or permission of instructor.
|MAT 116 - Statistics for the Natural and Social Sciences|
(3 credits) (IGE option under Quantitative Reasoning) Topics in probability and statistics with an emphasis on problems in the sciences: discrete and continuous distributions, estimation and hypothesis testing, p-values, correlation, simple linear regression. Prerequisite: C- or better in MAT090 or an ACT math score of 20 or above (SAT 480 or above).
|Choose one sequence:
|CHE 101 - College Chemistry|
(4 credits) (IGE option under Science and the Natural World) An introductory course in inorganic chemistry. The treatment of topics is predominantly descriptive and the content is especially suited to meet the needs of students whose programs require only one year of chemistry.
|CHE 102 - College Chemistry|
(4 credits) An introductory course in organic and biological chemistry. The content is especially suited to meet the needs of students whose programs require only one year of chemistry. Prerequisite: CHE101.
|CHE 111 - General Chemistry|
(4 credits) (IGE option under Science and the Natural World) An introductory course in chemistry that emphasizes physical and inorganic concepts, problems and calculations. Topics include chemical reactions, stoichiometry, properties of gases, thermochemistry, theories of atomic structure, and chemical bonding. The general chemistry sequence (Chemistry 111 and Chemistry 112) is recommended for students with good math / science preparations who intend to proceed to advanced courses in chemistry, the biological sciences or engineering. Prerequisites: high school chemistry and ACT math score of at least 24 (SAT 550 or above).
|CHE 112 - General Chemistry|
(4 credits) A continuation of Chemistry 111. Topics covered include kinetics, thermodynamics, chemical equilibria, acid-base chemistry and nuclear chemistry. Prerequisite: CHE111 or consent of the instructor.
|Total credits required: 47
All Biology Ecological Science majors are required to take at least 12 credits of 300-level (or above) biology courses, 8 credits of which must have a laboratory.
All Biology Ecological Science majors are required to complete at least one field experience. This requirement can be met in one of two ways: