Middle School Endorsement

Requirements for certification to teach all subjects in grades 5 through 8 with the exception of art, industrial arts, music, reading, kinesiology and special education. (Also requires completion of the elementary education major OR completion of an approved major in secondary education and the secondary education endorsement program.)

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EDU 203 - Early Field Experience-Middle School
EDU 221 - Growth and Development of the Middle School Aged Student
The middle school growth and development primarily embraces the knowledge of the learner component of the professional knowledge base with concentration, identification and comprehension of the physical, psychosocial, and cognitive characteristics of the middle school aged student. This course includes a 5 hour field experience. (3 credits, alternate years, consult department)
EDU 312 - Middle School Methods and Curriculum
This course focuses on the philosophy of the middle school, organization of the curriculum, effective teaching strategies, and assessment. This course includes a 5 hour field experience. Prerequisite: junior class standing. (3 credits, alternate years, consult department)
EDU 347 - Reading in the Content Area
This course addresses skills necessary in teaching students to read in social studies, math, science, and other content areas. This course offers strategies for vocabulary, comprehension, study skills, writing, assessment, and more. (2 credits)

Cognate requirements:

IGE 101 - First-Year Seminar: Speaking and Writing in Community
Holders of this endorsement must complete the course work in two of the following content areas:
Mathematics Sequence:
complete 12 credits
Math electives (MAT107 or above)
Choose one course:
MAT 109QR - College Algebra
MAT 127 - Patterns, Functions and Algebra for Elementary Teachers
Science Sequence:
NSC 101 - Introduction to Earth Science
Choose one course:
BIO 110 - Introduction to Life Science
BIO 102SN - Human Anatomy and Physiology
(4 credits)(IGE option under Science and the Natural World) An introduction to the structure and function of the human body. Note: Includes 1 1/2 hours of lab per week. Does not count toward a biology major or minor. A fee is associated with this course.
BIO 115 - General Biology: Molecular and Cellular Biology
General Biology I emphasizes the unity of life, examining the processes common to living organisms, and introduce the diversity of life, examining unicellular organisms. This introduction will provide students with a basic understanding of macromolecules, cell structure and function, respiration and photosynthesis, the cell cycle, meiosis, the relationship between gene structure and function, mechanisms of evolutionary change and Christian perspectives on evolutionary biology. (4 credits)
BIO 116 - General Biology: Ecology and Organismal Biology
General Biology II is an introduction to organismal biology emphasizing the diversity of life forms. Representative organisms from the plant and animal kingdoms will be emphasized. Students will also be introduced to basic ecological concepts and Christian perspectives on stewardship. (4 credits)
BIO 205 - Ecology
A study of the processes determining the distribution and abundance of organisms in space and time, their exchange of matter and energy with their environment, the measurement of these phenomena, and the application of ecological knowledge in the care of creation. Prerequisites: BIO115 and 116 (4 credits)
Choose one course:
CHE 105 - Topics in Chemistry
PHY 107 - The Physics of Everyday Life
A one-semester physics course for students seeking a physical science course to fulfill their natural science general education requirement and those students needing a one-semester physics course for a graduate school program. The primary goal of the course is to introduce students to the basic principles of physics that are at work in creation, as well as how they have been implemented technologically. Specific topics may vary somewhat, but will always focus on the foundational aspects of physics: mechanics, electromagnetism, wave behavior and thermodynamics. There will be some discussion of the historical development of physics and its relationship to faith. Prerequisite: MAT109 or higher, or ACT math score of 24 or better (SAT 550 or above), or consent of department chair. (4 credits, alternate years, consult department)
PHY 111 - General Physics I
No course description available.
Social Studies Sequence:
HIS 120HP - Historical Perspectives
HIS 206 - History of the United States
(4 credits)(American history) The History of the United States introduces students to the broad contours of American civilization, from native societies and colonial founding to the present and in the context of global events. The course focuses on political, social, economic, religious, and cultural continuity and change in U.S. history. Prerequisite: Historical Perspectives course or permission of instructor.
PSC 101SS - American National Government
(4 credits)(IGE option under Self and Society) A broad survey of the major political and governmental institutions in the United States, this course examines how citizens attempt to influence their government and how the government responds. The course also develops the foundations for a biblical perspective on the role of government and the task of citizens.
PSC 260CC - Human Geography
(4 credits)(IGE option under Cross-Cultural Engagement) This course introduces the study of political, physical and cultural features of space and place around the world. Familiarity with major physical and political features of the world's regions will be stressed. In addition, the course will raise various issues connected with the cultural aspect of geography, e.g., perceptions of place, changes in space over time, the interactions of human communities, the natural environment and patterns of human presence on the land.
Language Arts Sequence:
ENG 277 - Teaching Literature to Adolescents
(2 credits, alternate years, consult department) This course examines the field of young adult literature in its various genres: realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, nonfiction, and poetry. Students will develop criteria for book selection and learn ways to respond ethically to young adult literature. Prerequisite: ENG250LC. ENG292 is also recommended.
ENG 283 - Grammar in the Classroom
Most middle schools and high schools expect their English teachers to teach writing and grammar. What are the goals of teaching grammar? What grammar should young writers know? This course takes a rhetorical approach to the study of grammar and to its use in the teaching of writing. Prerequisite: ENG184 and sophomore standing. (2 credits)
Choose two courses:
ENG 225 - Literature of the Developing World
To paraphrase Salman Rushdie, the Empire has written back. The last half of the 20th century has produced a number of literary texts written in English by authors from the recently independent nations of the Old British Empire. These texts have proved so rich in both literary value and cultural context that their authors, Wole Soyinka, Derek Walcott, Chinua Achebe, and Rushdie himself, have won the most prestigious literary prizes available. We will be reading and appreciating these books, both as ripping good yarns, and as significant cultural documents that teach us much of how members of other societies think, feel, and act.Prerequisite: ENG220.(4 credits, alternate years, consult department)
ENG 250LC - Literary Imaginations
ENG 280 - Shakespeare
William Shakespeare never attended college, yet he saw the world sharply in his mind's eye. He wrote piercingly about kings and college students, warriors and witches, goblins and gravediggers, his 1,000 characters have never been off the stage in 400 years. In this course we read eight plays which fathom the range of human experience and take the English language to the height of expressive beauty. Prerequisite: ENG220 (4 credits)
ENG 352 - Reading and Writing Poetry
ENG 346 - American Literature I
A study of prose and poetry in the United States from America's beginnings through the end of the Civil War. The course will focus on the works of Colonial and Romantic writers and the literatures of Native and African Americans. Special attention will be given to defining the qualities and concerns that make this literature distinctively "American."Prerequisite: ENG220.(4 credits, alternate years, consult department)
ENG 347 - American Literature II
A study of prose and poetry in the United States from the Civil War until the present. The course will study works by realists (including regionalists) and modernists, as well as contemporary writers.Prerequisite: ENG220.(4 credits, alternate years, consult department)
ENG 379 - English Twentieth-Century Literature
England was largely depopulated of young men and nearly reduced to rubble by two world wars. The nation that arose, stripped of its empire, has continued to be a literary center. We shall read Shaw, Yeats, Eliot, Heaney and others, examining how they have analyzed and expressed the modern human condition.Prerequisite: ENG220.(4 credits, alternate years, consult department)

Total credits required: 40


* Students must complete NSC101, Intro to Earth Science, or an approved AuSable course (AUS217, Field Geology of the Pacific NW; or AUS301, Land Resources, are acceptable options).