Middle School Endorsement

Requirements for certification to teach all subjects in grades 5 through 8 with the exception of art, industrial arts, music, reading, kinesiology and special education. (Also requires completion of the elementary education major OR completion of an approved major in secondary education and the secondary education endorsement program.)

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EDU 203 - Early Field Experience-Middle School
This course requires 25 clock-hours of field experience with a certifiedteacher in an area middle school. Note: Graded on a pass/no pass basis.Prerequisite: EDU102. (1 credit)
EDU 221 - Growth and Development of the Middle School Aged Student
The middle school growth and development primarily embraces the knowledge of the learner component of the professional knowledge base with concentration, identification and comprehension of the physical, psychosocial, and cognitive characteristics of the middle school aged student. This course includes a 5 hour field experience. (3 credits; alternate years, consult department)
EDU 312 - Middle School Methods and Curriculum
This course focuses on the philosophy of the middle school, organization of the curriculum, effective teaching strategies, and assessment. This course includes a 5 hour field experience. Prerequisite: junior class standing. (3 credits; alternate years, consult department)
EDU 347 - Reading in the Content Area
This course addresses skills necessary in teaching students to read in social studies, math, science, and other content areas. This course offers strategies for vocabulary, comprehension, study skills, writing, assessment, and more. (2 credits)

Cognate requirements:

IGE 101 - First-Year Seminar: Speaking and Writing in Community
This course introduces students to the character and abilities consideredessential to becoming a member of a Christian liberal arts community.Students develop their reading, writing and speaking skills by exploringdifficult questions, learning to understand academic inquiry, forminglearning communities, and integrating faith with learning and living. (4credits)
Holders of this endorsement must complete the course work in two of the following content areas:
Mathematics Sequence:
Complete 12 credits
MAT 107QR - Mathematics for Elementary Teachers
No course description available.
MAT 109QR - College Algebra
This course covers algebraic material prerequisite to middle schoolmathematics teaching and to the study of calculus. Topics include a thoroughstudy of functions (linear, polynomial, exponential, and logarithmic, aswell as combinations of functions through addition/subtraction,multiplication/division, and composition), inverse functions, solvingequations and systems of equations, matrices, and conic sections. Prerequisite: C- or better in MAT090 or an ACT math score of 20 or above(SAT 480 or above). (3 credits) (NWCore option under Quantitative Reasoning)
MAT 127 - Patterns, Functions and Algebra for Elementary Teachers
MAT127 is designed to help you understand and teach the aspects of algebrathat are highly relevant to elementary and middle school classrooms.Throughout the course, topics are explored through rich problems andinvestigations, enabling you to deepen your conceptual understanding ofalgebraic concepts and to enhance your pedagogical practices. Coursediscussions, activities, projects, and explorations will focus on thefollowing topics:-Problem Solving-Solving Equations-Patterns & Sequences-Representing Functional Relationships-Quadratic Functions-Exponential Functions-Properties of Numbers and Operations-Algebraic Proof Note: This course is limited to elementary education majors only. Does notcount toward a math major or minor. Prerequisites: C- or better in MAT090 or ACT math score of 20 or above(SAT480 or above), or passing score on the MAT090 placement exam. (3credits)
Choose one course:
MAT 116QR - Statistics for the Natural and Social Sciences
This course is designed to introduce topics in probability and statistics with an emphasis on problems in the sciences. We will study discrete and continuous distributions, estimation and hypothesis testing, p-values, correlation, and simple linear regression. There will be three main sections in this course, examining descriptive statistics (the nature of data and how to summarize it), basic probability concepts (the mathematical study of uncertainty), and inferential statistics (making claims or decisions based on one or more sets of data). Note: Students may receive credit for only one course among MAT116QR, MAT117QR andMAT208QR.Prerequisites: C- or better in MAT090, an ACT math score of 20 or above (SAT 480 or above), a passing score on the basic algebra placement exam, or permission of instructor.(3 credits)(NWCore option under Quantitative Reasoning)
MAT 117QR - Applied Statistics for Management
The course is designed to study statistical methodology commonly used in business including descriptive statistics (the nature of data and how to summarize it), basic probability concepts, and inferential statistics (making claims or decisions from one or more sets of data using confidence intervals and multiple types of hypothesis testing).Note: Students may receive credit for only one course among MAT116QR, MAT117QR and MAT208QR.Prerequisites: C- or better in MAT090, an ACT math score of 20 or above (SAT 480 or above), a passing score on the basic algebra placement exam, or permission of instructor.(3 credits)(NWCore option under Quantitative Reasoning)
Science Sequence:
Complete 12 credits
NSC 101 - Introduction to Earth Science
An introduction to an understanding of Earth?s geological, hydrological,atmospheric, and environmental systems, the impact of human activity on suchsystems, and the ethical basis and strategies for human response toenvironmental degradation. Course includes required field trips and 90minutes of lab per week. Note: This course is restricted to students pursuing a Middle Schoolendorsement. Students may NOT receive credit for both BIO101SN and NSC101.(4 credits, alternate years, consult department)
Choose one course:
BIO 110 - Introduction to Life Science
This course will explore life processes common to plants, animals, andprotists; cell structure and function; biodiversity; an introduction togenetics; biochemistry and development; evolution and ecology. Laboratoryexercises will help students explore each topic using the scientific method.Hypothesis forming, data analysis and reporting will be essential componentsof the laboratory. An accompanying text will introduce students to Christianperspectives on current issues in molecular genetics and evolutionarytheory. (4 credits) (NWCore option under Science and the Natural World)Note: Does not count toward a biology major or minor.
BIO 102SN - Human Anatomy and Physiology
An introduction to the structure and function of the human body. (4 credits)(NWCore option under Science and the Natural World)Note: Includes 1 1/2 hours of lab per week. Does not count toward a biology major or minor. A fee is associated with this course.
BIO 115 - General Biology: Molecular and Cellular Biology
An introduction to molecular and cellular biology,with an examinination of the processes common to living organisms, and introduction to the diversity of life, emphasizing unicellular organisms. This introduction will provide students with a basic understanding of macromolecules, cell structure and function, respiration and photosynthesis, the cell cycle, meiosis, the relationship between gene structure and function, mechanisms of evolutionary change and Christian perspectives on evolutionary biology. (4 credits) (NWCore option under Science and the Natural World)Note: Three lectures and 3 hours of laboratory per week.
BIO 116 - General Biology: Ecology and Organismal Biology
An introduction to organismal biology and ecology. Structure and function of representatives from the plant and animal kingdom are emphasized. In addition, students will be introduced to basic ecological concepts and Christian perspectives on stewardship. (4 credits)(NWCore option under Science and the Natural World)Note: Three lectures and 3 hours of laboratory work per week.
Choose one course:
CHE 101SN - College Chemistry
(4 credits)(IGE option under Science and the Natural World) This course is an introduction toinorganic chemistry, with an emphasis on the health sciences. It is wellsuited for students whose programs require one year of chemistry. Note: Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory period per week. Open toall students.
PHY 111SN - General Physics I
(4 credits)(IGE option under Science and the Natural World) Though allstudents are welcome in this IGE physics course, this is the first in a twocourse algebra-based sequence designed particularly for life science majorsand others intending to apply to medical or graduate school. The courseincludes the following topics: kinematics, Newtonian mechanics, energy,momentum, gravity, thermodynamics, and oscillations. Prerequisite: C- or higher in MAT 109, ACT math score of 24 or better (SAT550 or above), or consent of the department chair.
Social Studies Sequence:
Complete 12 credits
HIS 120HP - Historical Perspectives
HIS120HP offers students an introduction to the study of history. The topicsof individual sections vary by instructor and semester. After completingthis writing-intensive course, students will be able to describe howhistorical context shapes events and our understanding of events; evaluatethe nature and reliability of historical evidence; develop a thesis-basedargument using properly cited evidence; demonstrate familiarity with a bodyof historical knowledge; articulate how faith obliges Christians to pursuehistorical truth while acknowledging preconceptions, ideologies, and myths;and describe an approach to history based on the belief that God actedthrough the incarnation to redeem people made in God's image. Topicsinclude: City, Empire, and Church explores the intersection of religion, politicalorganization, cultural expression, and human community through a historicalinvestigation of the ancient Greek city-state (the polis), the Roman Empireand early Christianity, and medieval society. We begin with the culture,politics, and history of the Greek polis. From there, we move to theculture, politics, and history of the Roman Empire, attending to how Romeappropriated the ideas of the Greeks and the development of Christianity asa deviant religious subculture within the empire. The course concludes withthe medieval society: a world of developing cities, political empires, andthe Christian church. Following Jesus in America: This course is a historical exploration ofbeliefs and practices of Americans concerning Jesus. Within an overview ofmajor developments, important institutions, and key events, the course willfocus on several individuals as case studies. Key themes in the course willinclude religion as a major thread in American history, Christianity as botha set of social institutions and structures and also as lived religion, andthe varied appropriations of Jesus throughout America's historicalexperience. The Search for a Useful Past: Students in this course will learn to ask andanswer basic questions about the past creation of 'useful pasts'. Thecourse's main question, "Why do people make and hand on histories?",organizes our discussion, reading and writing. We will read primary sourcesfrom medieval through modern European history where an author has recalled apast significant to (mostly) his people and revised it to answer questionsfacing them in their age. We will evaluate how Europeans sought a past whichinterpreted properly would provide them with moral guidance (understoodbroadly) for the crises of our own generation. War and the American Experience: This course aims to provide students with abroad survey of American history by looking at the military conflicts thathave been an all too frequent part of the nation's narrative. The AmericanRevolution, Civil War, World War II and the Cold War (including the Vietnamconflict) will be studied in depth but other American wars will be examinedas well. The course will look at the causes, course and consequences ofthese conflicts. Beyond the battlefield, the course will examine war's rootsin politics and diplomacy and will emphasize the profound effects that warhas on the nations and people who wage it. The course will examine the"American way of war" and test the assertion that the country was made bywar. (4 credits) (Fulfills NWCore Historical Perspectives requirement)
HIS 206 - History of the United States
(American history) The History of the United States introduces students to the broad contours of American civilization, from native societies and colonial founding to the present and in the context of global events. The course focuses on political, social, economic, religious, and cultural continuity and change in U.S. history. Prerequisite: Historical Perspectives course or permission of instructor.(4 credits)
PSC 101SS - American National Government
(4 credits)(IGE option under Self and Society) A broad survey of the major political and governmental institutions in the United States, this course examines how citizens attempt to influence their government and how the government responds. The course also develops the foundations for a biblical perspective on the role of government and the task of citizens.
PSC 260CC - Human Geography
(4 credits)(IGE option under Cross-Cultural Engagement) This course introduces the study of political, physical and cultural features of space and place around the world. Familiarity with major physical and political features of the world's regions will be stressed. In addition, the course will raise various issues connected with the cultural aspect of geography, e.g., perceptions of place, changes in space over time, the interactions of human communities, the natural environment and patterns of human presence on the land.
Language Arts Sequence:
Complete 12 credits
ENG 277 - Teaching Literature to Adolescents
This course examines the field of young adult literature in its various genres: realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, nonfiction, and poetry. Students will develop criteria for book selection and learn ways to respond ethically to young adult literature.Prerequisite: ENG250LC. ENG292 is also recommended. (2 credits; alternateyears, consult department) Note: Students taking ENG308x should take this course during the samesemester.
ENG 283 - Grammar in the Classroom
Most middle schools and high schools expect their English teachers to teach writing and grammar. What are the goals of teaching grammar? What grammar should young writers know? This course takes a rhetorical approach to the study of grammar and to its use in the teaching of writing. Prerequisite: IGE101 and sophomore standing. (2 credits)
Choose two courses:
ENG 225 - Literature of the Developing World
To paraphrase Salman Rushdie, the Empire has written back. The last half of the 20th century has produced a number of literary texts written in English by authors from the recently independent nations of the Old British Empire. These texts have proved so rich in both literary value and cultural context that their authors, Wole Soyinka, Derek Walcott, Chinua Achebe, and Rushdie himself, have won the most prestigious literary prizes available. We will be reading and appreciating these books, both as ripping good yarns, and as significant cultural documents that teach us much of how members of other societies think, feel, and act. Prerequisite: ENG250LC. (4 credits; alternate years, consult department) (NWCore option under Cross-Cultural Engagement)
ENG 250LC - Literary Imaginations

ENG250LC offers students an introduction to literary study. The topics ofindividual sections vary by instructor and semester. After completing thiswriting-intensive course, students will be able to imagine other lives,times, and places by reading a variety of texts; empathize with characterswho have diverse stories and perspectives; analyze different genres ofliterature using the tools of literary study; craft a coherent essay with aclear thesis and careful textual analysis; articulate ways that literaturespeaks to and informs their own lives; express delight in God through thebeauty of language and literary text; and witness God's presence in theworld through literature. Topics include:

American Literature and the Rhetoric of Freedom
: Americans ofter regardfreedom as the defining characteristic of both their nation and themselves.This course examines how the rhetoric of freedom has been a force inAmerican literature. We will complicate our understanding of Americanfreedom by examining how it has been continually redefined throughout thenation's literary history. We will consider how minority and oppressedgroups have used the rhetoric of freedom to advance their own liberation andhow Christian religions concepts and language have contributed to thisrhetoric. Students will practice reading and writing critically and becomefamiliar with a variety of literary genres, including historical narrative,autobiography, poetry, drama, essays, short stories, and novels.

Literature in the World
: This course teaches students to appreciate theaesthetic value of literature and consider its cultural contexts. The courseexplores the beauty of language, the importance of understanding the selfand others, and invites readers to consider how literature contributes toour contemporary culture. The course is arranged thematically and contentvaries from year to year. Themes may include, but are not limited to:immigration, war, poverty, the power of metaphor, and visual art andliterature.

Literary Imaginations
: For literature to be more than ink stains on whitepaper, we must use our imaginations to give it life. In this course we shallread works from throughout human history and around the world (India,Greece, Italy, England, Russia, Nigeria, Ireland, Japan) to imagine andunderstand the world that people have believed in, created, andinhabited.

Literary Journeys
: This course will examine a wide range of literature fromthe 17th Century to the present, while introducing students to the literarygenres of the short story, the novel and poetry. Students will examine howliterature can give them insights into their own lives as well as the worldaround them. Literary pieces will be examined in various historical, socialand political contexts. Assignments will help students develop theircritical reading and writing practices as well as expand the imaginativeelement of literature and witness God's presence in the world throughliterature.

The Lives of Others
: This course explores 4000 years of stories, fromancient Mesopotamia to the American South. Plays, poems, epics, andautobiographies broaden our perspective on the world and deepen ourunderstanding of being human. Two central themes of the course areperceptions of difference and expressions of faith.

Reading, Spirituality and Cultural Politics
: This course explores howliterature can entertain, educate, change, and empower readers. Theassignments are designed to refine college writing skills and to deepenstudents' critical knowledge and imaginative experience of literature. Theend goal of this course is that in learning to understand and serve theirliterary neighbors, students will be better equipped to understand and servetheir literal neighbors. (4 credits) (Fulfills NWCore Literary Contextsrequirement)
ENG 280 - Shakespeare
William Shakespeare never attended college, yet he saw the world sharply in his mind's eye. He wrote piercingly about kings and college students, warriors and witches, goblins and gravediggers, his 1,000 characters have never been off the stage in 400 years. In this course we read eight plays which fathom the range of human experience and take the English language to the height of expressive beauty. Prerequisite: ENG250LC. (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
ENG 352 - Reading and Writing Poetry
Students will actively explore the nature and design of poetry by studying arange of poetic genres and styles, learning to read poetry as writers do,and writing poetry in a writing workshop. Attention will be given to thepurposes of language, to relationships between reading and writing, and topoetry as a mode of thinking and an expression of culture. Prerequisite: ENG292 or permission of instructor. (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
ENG 346 - American Literature I
A study of prose and poetry in the United States from America's beginnings through the end of the Civil War. The course will focus on the works of Colonial and Romantic writers and the literatures of Native and African Americans. Special attention will be given to defining the qualities and concerns that make this literature distinctively "American." Prerequisite: ENG250LC. (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
ENG 347 - American Literature II
A study of prose and poetry in the United States from the Civil War until the present. The course will study works by realists (including regionalists) and modernists, as well as contemporary writers. Prerequisite: ENG250LC. (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
ENG 379 - English Twentieth-Century Literature
England was largely depopulated of young men and nearly reduced to rubble by two world wars. The nation that arose, stripped of its empire, has continued to be a literary center. We shall read Shaw, Yeats, Eliot, Heaney and others, examining how they have analyzed and expressed the modern human condition. Prerequisite: ENG250LC. (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)

Total credits required: 40


* Students must complete NSC101, Intro to Earth Science, or an approved AuSable course (AUS217, Field Geology of the Pacific NW; or AUS301, Land Resources, are acceptable options).