Requirements for certification to teach all subjects in grades 5 through 8 with the exception of art, industrial arts, music, reading, kinesiology and special education. (Also requires completion of the elementary education major OR completion of an approved major in secondary education and the secondary education endorsement program.)
|EDU 203 - Early Field Experience-Middle School
|EDU 221 - Growth and Development of the Middle School Aged Student
(3 credits, alternate years, consult department) The middle school growth and development primarily embraces the knowledge of the learner component of the professional knowledge base with concentration, identification and comprehension of the physical, psychosocial, and cognitive characteristics of the middle school aged student. This course includes a 5 hour field experience.
|EDU 312 - Middle School Methods and Curriculum
(3 credits, alternate years, consult department) This course focuses on the philosophy of the middle school, organization of the curriculum, effective teaching strategies, and assessment. This course includes a 5 hour field experience. Prerequisite: junior class standing.
|EDU 347 - Reading in the Content Area
(2 credits) This course addresses skills necessary in teaching students to read in social studies, math, science, and other content areas. This course offers strategies for vocabulary, comprehension, study skills, writing, assessment, and more.
|ENG 184 - College Writing or an advanced writing course*
(4 credits) An introduction to academic writing, emphasizing the writing process. Students learn strategies for pre-writing, drafting, and revising of expository essays. The course includes analysis of model essays and discussion of model essays and an introduction to research-based writing.
|Holders of this endorsement must complete the course work in two of the following content areas:
|complete 12 credits
|Math electives (MAT107 or above)|
|Choose one course:
|MAT 109 - College Algebra|
No course description available.
|MAT 127 - Patterns, Functions and Algebra for Elementary Teachers|
|NSC 101 - Introduction to Earth Science |
|Choose one course:
|BIO 110 - Introduction to Life Science|
|BIO 102 - Human Anatomy and Physiology|
(4 credits) (IGE option under Science and the Natural World) An introduction to the structure and function of the human body.
|BIO 115 - General Biology: Molecular and Cellular Biology|
(4 credits) (IGE option under Science and the Natural World) An introduction to molecular and cellular biology, with an examination of the processes common to living organisms and an introduction to the diversity of life, emphasizing unicellular organisms. This introduction will provide students with a basic understanding of macromolecules, cell structure and function, respiration and photosynthesis, the cell cycle, meiosis, genetics, mechanisms of evolutionary change, and Christian perspectives on evolutionary biology.
|BIO 116 - General Biology: Ecology and Organismal Biology|
(4 credits) (IGE option under Science and the Natural World) An introduction to organismal biology and ecology. Structure and function of representatives from the plant and animal kingdom are emphasized. In addition, students will be introduced to basic ecological concepts and Christian perspectives on stewardship.
|BIO 205 - Ecology|
(4 credits) A study of the processes determining the distribution and abundance of organisms in space and time, their exchange of matter and energy with their environment, the measurement of these phenomena, and the application of ecological knowledge in the care of creation. Prerequisites: BIO115 and 116
|Choose one course:
|CHE 105 - Topics in Chemistry|
|PHY 107 - The Physics of Everyday Life|
(4 credits, alternate years, consult department) (IGE option under Science and the Natural World) A one-semester physics course for students seeking a physical science course to fulfill their natural science general education requirement and those students needing a one-semester physics course for a graduate school program. The primary goal of the course is to introduce students to the basic principles of physics that are at work in creation, as well as how they have been implemented technologically. Specific topics may vary somewhat, but will always focus on the foundational aspects of physics: mechanics, electromagnetism, wave behavior and thermodynamics. There will be some discussion of the historical development of physics and its relationship to faith. Prerequisite: MAT109 or higher, or ACT math score of 24 or better (SAT 550 or above), or consent of department chair.
|PHY 111 - General Physics I|
(4 credits) (IGE option under Science and the Natural World) For students in mathematics, the physical sciences, and those students seeking candidacy to a medical school or other graduate program. Topics will include kinematics, Newtonian mechanics, energy, momentum and thermodynamics. Prerequisite: C- or higher in MAT109, or ACT math score of 24 or better (SAT 550 or above), or consent of department chair.
|Social Studies Sequence:
|HIS 120HP - Historical Perspectives|
|PSC 101 - American National Government|
(4 credits) (IGE option under Self and Society) (American politics) A broad survey of the major political and governmental institutions in the United States. This course examines how citizens attempt to influence their government and how the government responds. The course also develops the foundations for a biblical perspective on the role of government and the role of citizens.
|PSC 260 - Human Geography|
(4 credits) This course introduces the study of political, physical and cultural features of space and place around the world. Familiarity with major physical and political features of the world's regions will be stressed. In addition, the course will raise various issues connected with the cultural aspect of geography, e.g., perceptions of place, changes in space over time, the interactions of human communities, the natural environment and patterns of human presence on the land.
|Choose one course:
|HIS 201 - History of the United States to 1865|
(4 credits) (American history) This is a study of the early history of our national existence, from colonial beginnings through the Civil War. The emphasis is on those influences which have been most formative in shaping American society.
|HIS 202 - History of the United States from 1865|
(4 credits) (American history) This surveys developments from 1865 to the present with the focus being upon the transformation of the U.S. into a modern urban-industrial society and its emergence as a 20th century world power.
|Language Arts Sequence:
|ENG 277 - Teaching Literature to Adolescents|
(2 credits, alternate years, consult department) A study of and practice in the teaching of literature, especially literature appropriate for young adults, with the goal of preparing students to teach English in junior high and high school. Topics: selecting literature, eliciting response, oral interpretation, integrating the language arts, and assessment. Prerequisite: ENG250LC. ENG292 is also recommended.
|ENG 283 - Grammar in the Classroom|
(2 credits) Most middle schools and high schools expect their English teachers to teach writing and grammar. What are the goals of teaching grammar? What grammar should young writers know? This course takes a rhetorical approach to the study of grammar and to its use in the teaching of writing. Prerequisite: IGE101 and sophomore standing.
|ENG 225 - Literature of the Developing World|
(4 credits, alternate years, consult department) To paraphrase Salman Rushdie, the Empire has written back. The last half of the 20th century has produced a number of literary texts written in English by authors from the recently independent nations of the Old British Empire. These texts have proved so rich in both literary value and cultural context that their authors, Wole Soyinka, Derek Walcott, Chinua Achebe, and Rushdie himself, have won the most prestigious literary prizes available. We will be reading and appreciating these books, both as ripping good yarns, and as significant cultural documents that teach us much of how members of other societies think, feel, and act. Prerequisite: ENG250LC.
|ENG 250LC - Literary Imaginations|
|ENG 280 - Shakespeare|
(4 credits; alternate years) William Shakespeare never attended college, yet he saw the world sharply in his mind's eye. He wrote piercingly about kings and college students, warriors and witches, goblins and gravediggers; his 1,000 characters have never been off the stage in 400 years. In this course we read eight plays which fathom the range of human experience and take the English language to the height of expressive beauty. Prerequisite: ENG250LC.
|ENG 352 - Reading and Writing Poetry|
|ENG 346 - American Literature I|
(4 credits, alternate years, consult department) A study of prose and poetry in the United States from America's beginnings through the end of the Civil War. The course will focus on the works of Colonial and Romantic writers and the literatures of Native and African Americans. Special attention will be given to defining the qualities and concerns that make this literature distinctively "American." Prerequisite: ENG250LC.
|ENG 347 - American Literature II|
(4 credits, alternate years, consult department) A study of prose and poetry in the United States from the Civil War until the present. The course will study works by realists (including regionalists) and modernists, as well as contemporary writers. Prerequisite: ENG250LC.
|ENG 379 - English Twentieth-Century Literature|
(4 credits, alternate years, consult department) England was largely depopulated of young men and nearly reduced to rubble by two world wars. The nation that arose, stripped of its empire, has continued to be a literary center. We shall read Shaw, Yeats, Eliot, Heaney and others, examining how they have analyzed and expressed the modern human condition. Prerequisite: ENG250LC.
|Total credits required: 40
* Students with an English ACT score of 30 or above may substitute one advanced writing course (chosen from ENG288, 290, 294, 296, 297 or 380).
** Students must complete NSC101, Intro to Earth Science, or an approved AuSable course (AUS217, Field Geology of the Pacific NW; or AUS301, Land Resources, are acceptable options).