Middle School Endorsement
Requirements for certification to teach all subjects in grades 5 through 8 with the exception of art, industrial arts, music, reading, kinesiology and special education. (Also requires completion of the elementary education major OR completion of an approved major in secondary education and the secondary education endorsement program.)
|EDU 203 - Early Field Experience-Middle School
(1 credit) This course requires 25 clock-hours of field experience with a certified
teacher in an area middle school. Graded on a pass/no pass basis.
|EDU 221 - Growth and Development of the Middle School Aged Student
(3 credits, alternate years, consult department) The middle school growth and development primarily embraces the knowledge of the learner component of the professional knowledge base with concentration, identification and comprehension of the physical, psychosocial, and cognitive characteristics of the middle school aged student. This course includes a 5 hour field experience.
|EDU 312 - Middle School Methods and Curriculum
(3 credits, alternate years, consult department) This course focuses on the philosophy of the middle school, organization of the curriculum, effective teaching strategies, and assessment. This course includes a 5 hour field experience. Prerequisite: junior class standing.
|EDU 347 - Reading in the Content Area
(2 credits) This course addresses skills necessary in teaching students to read in social studies, math, science, and other content areas. This course offers strategies for vocabulary, comprehension, study skills, writing, assessment, and more.
|IGE 101 - First-Year Seminar: Speaking and Writing in Community
|Holders of this endorsement must complete the course work in two of the following content areas:
|complete 12 credits
|Math electives (MAT107 or above)|
|Choose one course:
|MAT 109QR - College Algebra|
(3 credits)(IGE option under Quantitative Reasoning) This course covers algebraic
material prerequisite to middle school mathematics teaching and to the study of
calculus. Topics include a thorough study of functions (linear, polynomial,
exponential, and logarithmic, as well as combinations of functions through
addition/subtraction, multiplication/division, and composition), inverse
functions, solving equations and systems of equations, matrices, and conic
sections. Prerequisite: C- or better in MAT090 or an ACT math score of 20 or above
(SAT 480 or above).
|MAT 127 - Patterns, Functions and Algebra for Elementary Teachers|
(3 credits) MAT127 is designed to help you understand and teach the aspects of algebra
that are highly relevant to elementary and middle school classrooms. Throughout the
course, topics are explored through rich problems and investigations, enabling
you to deepen your conceptual understanding of algebraic concepts and to
enhance your pedagogical practices. Course discussions, activities, projects,
and explorations will focus on the following topics:
Patterns & Sequences
Representing Functional Relationships
Properties of Numbers and Operations
This course is limited to elementary education majors only. Does not count
toward a math major or minor. Prerequisites: C- or better in MAT090 or ACT math
score of 20 or above (SAT480 or above), or passing score on the MAT090
|NSC 101 - Introduction to Earth Science |
|Choose one course:
|BIO 110 - Introduction to Life Science|
(4 credits)(IGE option under Science and the Natural World) This course will explore
life processes common to plants, animals, and protists; cell structure and
function; biodiversity; an introduction to genetics; biochemistry and development;
evolution and ecology. Laboratory exercises will help students explore each topic
using the scientific method. Hypothesis forming, data analysis and reporting will
be essential components of the laboratory. An accompanying text will introduce
students to Christian perspectives on current issues in molecular genetics and
evolutionary theory. Does not count toward a biology major or minor.
|BIO 102 - Human Anatomy and Physiology|
(4 credits) (IGE option under Science and the Natural World) An introduction to the structure and function of the human body.
|BIO 115 - General Biology: Molecular and Cellular Biology|
(4 credits) (IGE option under Science and the Natural World) An introduction to molecular and cellular biology, with an examination of the processes common to living organisms and an introduction to the diversity of life, emphasizing unicellular organisms. This introduction will provide students with a basic understanding of macromolecules, cell structure and function, respiration and photosynthesis, the cell cycle, meiosis, genetics, mechanisms of evolutionary change, and Christian perspectives on evolutionary biology.
|BIO 116 - General Biology: Ecology and Organismal Biology|
(4 credits) (IGE option under Science and the Natural World) An introduction to organismal biology and ecology. Structure and function of representatives from the plant and animal kingdom are emphasized. In addition, students will be introduced to basic ecological concepts and Christian perspectives on stewardship.
|BIO 205 - Ecology|
(4 credits) A study of the processes determining the distribution and abundance of organisms in space and time, their exchange of matter and energy with their environment, the measurement of these phenomena, and the application of ecological knowledge in the care of creation. Prerequisites: BIO115 and 116
|Choose one course:
|CHE 105 - Topics in Chemistry|
(4 credits)(IGE option under Science and the Natural World) This course offers an
introductory level chemical exploration of interdisciplinary scientific, cultural, or
theological topics. Possible topics include energy and environment, forensic
chemistry, chemistry and art, nanotechnology, and medicinal chemistry.
|PHY 107 - The Physics of Everyday Life|
(4 credits, alternate years, consult department) (IGE option under Science and the Natural World) A one-semester physics course for students seeking a physical science course to fulfill their natural science general education requirement and those students needing a one-semester physics course for a graduate school program. The primary goal of the course is to introduce students to the basic principles of physics that are at work in creation, as well as how they have been implemented technologically. Specific topics may vary somewhat, but will always focus on the foundational aspects of physics: mechanics, electromagnetism, wave behavior and thermodynamics. There will be some discussion of the historical development of physics and its relationship to faith. Prerequisite: MAT109 or higher, or ACT math score of 24 or better (SAT 550 or above), or consent of department chair.
|PHY 111 - General Physics I|
(4 credits) (IGE option under Science and the Natural World) For students in mathematics, the physical sciences, and those students seeking candidacy to a medical school or other graduate program. Topics will include kinematics, Newtonian mechanics, energy, momentum and thermodynamics. Prerequisite: C- or higher in MAT109, or ACT math score of 24 or better (SAT 550 or above), or consent of department chair.
|Social Studies Sequence:
|HIS 120HP - Historical Perspectives|
(Fulfills IGE Historical Perspectives requirement) HIS120HP offers students an
introduction to the study of history. The topics of individual sections vary by
instructor and semester. After completing this writing-intensive course,
students will be able to describe how historical context shapes events and our
understanding of events; evaluate the nature and reliability of historical
evidence; develop a thesis-based argument using properly cited evidence;
demonstrate familiarity with a body of historical knowledge; articulate how
faith obliges Christians to pursue historical truth while and after.
Following Jesus in America: This course is a historical exploration of beliefs
and practices of Americans concerning Jesus. Within an overview of major
developments, important institutions, and key events, the course will focus on
several individuals as case studies. Key themes in the course will include
religion as a major thread in American history, Christianity as both a set of
social institutions and structures and also as lived religion, and the varied
appropriations of Jesus throughout America's historical experience.
The Search for a Useful Past: Students in this course will learn to ask and
answer basic questions about the past creation of "useful pasts". The course's
main question, "Why do people make and hand on histories?", organizes our
discussion, reading and writing. We will read primary sources from medieval
through modern European history where an author has recalled a past significant
to (mostly) his people and revised it to answer questions facing them in their
age. We will evaluate how Europeans sought a past which interpreted properly
would provide them with moral guidance (understood broadly) for the crises of
our own generation.
War and the American Experience: This course aims to provide students with a
broad survey of American history by looking at the military conflicts that have
been an all too frequent part of the nation's narrative. The American
Revolution, Civil War, World War II and the Cold War (including the Vietnam
conflict) will be studied in depth but other American wars will be examined as
well. The course will look at the causes, course and consequences of these
conflicts. Beyond the battlefield, the course will examine war's roots in
politics and diplomacy and will emphasize the profound effects that war has on
the nations and people who wage it. The course will examine the "American way
of war" and test the assertion that the country was made by war. (4 credits)
|PSC 101 - American National Government|
(4 credits) (IGE option under Self and Society) (American politics) A broad survey of the major political and governmental institutions in the United States. This course examines how citizens attempt to influence their government and how the government responds. The course also develops the foundations for a biblical perspective on the role of government and the role of citizens.
|PSC 260 - Human Geography|
(4 credits) This course introduces the study of political, physical and cultural features of space and place around the world. Familiarity with major physical and political features of the world's regions will be stressed. In addition, the course will raise various issues connected with the cultural aspect of geography, e.g., perceptions of place, changes in space over time, the interactions of human communities, the natural environment and patterns of human presence on the land.
|Choose one course:
|HIS 201 - History of the United States to 1865|
(4 credits) (American history) This is a study of the early history of our national existence, from colonial beginnings through the Civil War. The emphasis is on those influences which have been most formative in shaping American society.
|HIS 202 - History of the United States from 1865|
(4 credits) (American history) This surveys developments from 1865 to the present with the focus being upon the transformation of the U.S. into a modern urban-industrial society and its emergence as a 20th century world power.
|Language Arts Sequence:
|ENG 277 - Teaching Literature to Adolescents|
(2 credits, alternate years, consult department) A study of and practice in the teaching of literature, especially literature appropriate for young adults, with the goal of preparing students to teach English in junior high and high school. Topics: selecting literature, eliciting response, oral interpretation, integrating the language arts, and assessment. Prerequisite: ENG250LC. ENG292 is also recommended.
|ENG 283 - Grammar in the Classroom|
(2 credits) Most middle schools and high schools expect their English teachers to teach writing and grammar. What are the goals of teaching grammar? What grammar should young writers know? This course takes a rhetorical approach to the study of grammar and to its use in the teaching of writing. Prerequisite: IGE101 and sophomore standing.
|Choose two courses:
|ENG 225 - Literature of the Developing World|
(4 credits, alternate years, consult department) To paraphrase Salman Rushdie, the Empire has written back. The last half of the 20th century has produced a number of literary texts written in English by authors from the recently independent nations of the Old British Empire. These texts have proved so rich in both literary value and cultural context that their authors, Wole Soyinka, Derek Walcott, Chinua Achebe, and Rushdie himself, have won the most prestigious literary prizes available. We will be reading and appreciating these books, both as ripping good yarns, and as significant cultural documents that teach us much of how members of other societies think, feel, and act. Prerequisite: ENG250LC.
|ENG 250LC - Literary Imaginations|
(Fulfills IGE Literary Contexts requirement) ENG250LC offers students an
introduction to literary study. The topics of
individual sections vary by instructor and semester. After completing this
writing-intensive course, students will be able to imagine other lives, times,
and places by reading a variety of texts; empathize with characters who have
diverse stories and perspectives; analyze different genres of literature using
the tools of literary study; craft a coherent essay with a clear thesis and
careful textual analysis; articulate ways that literature speaks to and informs
their own lives; express delight in God through the beauty of language and
literary text; and witness God's presence in the world through literature.
Topics include: Literature in the World: This course teaches students to
appreciate the aesthetic value of literature and consider its cultural
contexts. The course explores the beauty of language, the importance of
understanding the self and others, and invites readers to consider how
literature contributes to our contemporary culture. The course is arranged
thematically and content varies from year to year. Themes may include, but are
not limited to: immigration, war, poverty, the power of metaphor, and visual
art and literature. Literary Imaginations: For literature to be more than ink
stains on white paper, we must use our imaginations to give it life. In this
course we shall read works from throughout human history and around the world
(India, Greece, Italy, England, Russia, Nigeria, Ireland, Japan) to imagine and
understand the world that people have believed in, created, and inhabited.
Literary Journeys: This course will examine a wide range of literature from
the 17th Century to the present, while introducing students to the literary
genres of the short story, the novel and poetry. Students will examine how
literature can give them insights into their own lives as well as the world
around them. Literary pieces will be examined in various historical, social and
political contexts. Assignments will help students develop their critical
reading and writing practices as well as expand the imaginative element of
literature and witness God's presence in the world through literature. The
Lives of Others: This course explores 4000 years of stories, from ancient
Mesopotamia to the American South. Plays, poems, epics, and autobiographies
broaden our perspective on the world and deepen our understanding of being
human. Two central themes of the course are perceptions of difference and
expressions of faith. Reading, Spirituality and Cultural Politics: This course
explores how literature can entertain, educate, change, and empower readers.
The assignments are designed to refine college writing skills and to deepen
students' critical knowledge and imaginative experience of literature. The end
goal of this course is that in learning to understand and serve their literary
neighbors, students will be better equipped to understand and serve their
literal neighbors. (4 credits)
|ENG 280 - Shakespeare|
(4 credits; alternate years) William Shakespeare never attended college, yet he saw the world sharply in his mind's eye. He wrote piercingly about kings and college students, warriors and witches, goblins and gravediggers; his 1,000 characters have never been off the stage in 400 years. In this course we read eight plays which fathom the range of human experience and take the English language to the height of expressive beauty. Prerequisite: ENG250LC.
|ENG 352 - Reading and Writing Poetry|
Students will actively explore the nature and design of poetry by studying a
range of poetic genres and styles, learning to read poetry as writers do, and
writing poetry in a writing workshop. Attention will be given to the purposes
of language, to relationships between reading and writing, and to poetry as a
mode of thinking and an expression of culture. Prerequisite: ENG292 or
permission of instructor. (4 credits; alternate years, consult department)
|ENG 346 - American Literature I|
(4 credits, alternate years, consult department) A study of prose and poetry in the United States from America's beginnings through the end of the Civil War. The course will focus on the works of Colonial and Romantic writers and the literatures of Native and African Americans. Special attention will be given to defining the qualities and concerns that make this literature distinctively "American." Prerequisite: ENG250LC.
|ENG 347 - American Literature II|
(4 credits, alternate years, consult department) A study of prose and poetry in the United States from the Civil War until the present. The course will study works by realists (including regionalists) and modernists, as well as contemporary writers. Prerequisite: ENG250LC.
|ENG 379 - English Twentieth-Century Literature|
(4 credits, alternate years, consult department) England was largely depopulated of young men and nearly reduced to rubble by two world wars. The nation that arose, stripped of its empire, has continued to be a literary center. We shall read Shaw, Yeats, Eliot, Heaney and others, examining how they have analyzed and expressed the modern human condition. Prerequisite: ENG250LC.
|Total credits required: 40
* Students must complete NSC101, Intro to Earth Science, or an approved AuSable course (AUS217, Field Geology of the Pacific NW; or AUS301, Land Resources, are acceptable options).